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Depression is like a medical illness, in that a person needs specific treatment to feel well again. In the case of depression, the treatment needed is medicine and psychotherapy. Thus, it is very important that a person experiencing depressive symptoms understand that it is not a sign of being weak or of being mentally ill, but that depression -- also called Mood and Affective Disorder -- is caused by a decrease in brain chemicals called neurotransmitters.
The term "Mood and Affective Disorders" is the current psychiatric terminology for depressive disorders. Regarding depressed patients, there are theories implicating specific abnormalities in neurochemical and neuropeptide focal lesions in specific brain regions and selective dysfunction of known neural pathways have been proposed.
It is well-known the persons with depression have deficits in memory. Recent research in biologic psychiatry has noted that increased cortisol acting through the activating neurotransmitter NMDA and glutamate causes damage to hippocampal neurons.
Depression and Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Depression has been associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease, and has been shown to be a risk factor for increased mortality following myocardial infarction.
There are other medical complications associated with depression in addition to the cardiovascular complications. Other serious medical complications associated with depression include the following...
Yearly/Lifetime Cost of Treatment for Depression
Lifetime psychiatric treatment is necessary because many patients are refractory to current treatment and/or have a concomitant physical or neurologic injury.
Chronic Pain Syndrome has been associated with depressive symptoms in patients, including the diagnosis of Major Depression, as well as symptoms of anxiety with each person perceiving anxiety in their own unique way.
Chapters on Chronic
Pain Reprented from Neuropsychiatry (Barry S. Fogel, M.D., Randolph B. Schiffler, M.D., and Stephen M. Rao, M.D., 1998).
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
A traumatic situation, where a threat to one's body integrity or life occurs, may produce severe anxiety symptoms which are diagnosed as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Most patients also develop a concurrent agitated depression.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - Diagnostic Criteria
Screening Questionnaire for Post - Traumatic Stress Disorder
Traumatic Brain Injury
Brief summary concerning Traumatic Brain Injury, since a reasonable understanding of significant head injury can assist in deciding which of your cases warrant a neuropsychological evaluation. Although significant Traumatic Brain Injury causing a skull fracture indicates a referral, brain damage may be present in cases, sometimes called minor head trauma.
Aspects of Traumatic Brain Injury
The clinical findings in Traumatic Brain Injury depend on which area of the brain is damaged. Traumatic Brain Injury can cause most major psychiatric disorders.
Screening Questionnaire for Traumatic Brain Injury
Click here to see the Questionnaire
Yearly/Lifetime Cost of Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury
Treatment of patients who have sustained Traumatic Brain Injury is necessary in order to restore to the patient a sense of peace of mind, return the level of fulfillment which he/she had prior to being injured, and reduce his/her feelings of hopelessness which have pervaded his/her existence since the injury.
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)
The MMPI is the most widely-used validated psychological test in the field of psychology- psychiatry, and is considered the "gold standard" of psychological tests.
Here is a visual graph to explain furthermore
Evaluation & Treatment of Dog Bites
Being attacked by a dog is a significant public health problem that is both frightening and life-threatening. Although dog bites are one of the most common traumas experienced by people of all ages, there is very little in the literature which discusses the psychological consequences of dog bites.
The symptomatology of this disorder is complex. Thus, I have reviewed the chapter, "Delusional Disorder and Shared Psychotic Disorder" by Theo C. Manschreck, M.D., from the textbook, Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry/VI1. Dr. Manschreck states...
Discussing the presence of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in children, males, and females beyond age 25 and in the elderly are also presented.
Attachments for the CWCDAA Event on May 28-31, 2015 at The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas.
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